Before you begin even thinking about either purchasing a battery or trying to experiment with it, you must be able to identify with it. The only way that you will be able to do that if you know all the battery types that exist in the world, what they consist of, and what they are used for. Only then can you make the decision to buy or even experiment with a battery.
In this day and age, batteries are all around us. Our daily lives would become infeasible if we were to have a day without batteries. You find batteries in you cars, watches, kid’s toys, motors, everything. Almost everything that is running without electricity is running on a battery.
Hence, the need for batteries is great and so are the types, as many different appliances and products require different types of batteries. This is because they all function differently and require different amounts of energy to help them do their job.
Remember, if you treat a battery nice, it will live longer and give you the full capacity of energy that it can produce. Many times, when you may feel that the battery is dying, it probably is not and is in need of being reconditioned – a little boost to help it get back to its full form.
Getting back to the types of batteries that you will come across in your everyday life, you will find around you:
These are the batteries that you use every day and are the most common type around the world. Some are them are replaceable batteries that you have no option but to throw away when they die. Others are rechargeable batteries that you plug in and get them to charge with the help of electricity.
Rechargeable battery types
- Lead Acid Gel: The size of these dry cell batteries varies from small to medium, and they come in plastic covers. These are commonly found in various vehicles such as golf carts, children’s toys, and boats. You must always take safety measures while handling them.
- Li-Ion: Coming in the form of small button cells, plastic covers and a couple of other designs, these are commonly found in mobiles, laptops, hybrid cars, etc. These batteries are non-toxic and don’t spill.
- NiCd: Coming in various sizes including AAA and AA, these are also commonly found in mobiles, laptops, hardware equipment, portable appliances, etc. These batteries will not spill but are highly toxic.
- Nickel Metal Hydride: These dry batteries are smaller in size and you can recharge them as well. They come in different forms such as AAA, 9 voltage, and cell packs which are wrapped. They are mostly found in mobiles, computers, tablets and cameras. They do not spill and are non-toxic.
Non-rechargeable battery types
- Alkaline and Carbon Zinc: These batteries are conserved and are not rechargeable. They are also labeled as per their purposes to help the user distinguish between them. These include AAA, 9 volt and various other types. They are mostly found in cameras, children’s games and other portable appliances. Though they are non-toxic, they still have the ability to leak as they get old.
- Lithium: These miniature cell batteries are conserved and cannot be recharged. These include button cells and various other types. They are usually found in watches, cameras, portable appliances, car accessories, etc.
- Mercury: These are tiny dry batteries which are conserved and are not rechargeable. Their formats include AA, small cylinder and a few other types. They are mostly used in cameras, medical equipment, and military equipment. They also produce highly toxic vapors.
- Silver Oxide: These are a bit too big in size and include button cells and high-voltage types. They are mostly found in watches, hearing supports, cameras, etc.
- Zinc Air: These undersized dry batteries are not rechargeable. Their types include button cells and a few others. They are commonly found in hearing supports and watches and are not toxic.
These are the batteries that are extremely high powered. You will hardly ever come into contact with them. They are mostly found in heavy-duty machinery such as forklifts, backup power, and telecommunications.
- Absolyte: These batteries are huge in size and contain lead acid & cadmium, and they are also rechargeable. These batteries are mostly found in steel shelves which are in the shape of a rectangle. They are usually used in various industries such as telecommunications and railroad. They provide unlimited power and are also used in a solar arrangement.
- Large Flooded Cell: These are great batteries mostly in the form of lead-acid and can be recharged any time. They are found in solid packs which are rectangular. Their main use is in stationary power, telecommunications and efficacy systems.
- Nickel Iron: These batteries are average to big flooded cell batteries and are rechargeable. They also last a very long time and are usually found in metal packs. They are mostly used in railroad signals and mining purposes.
- NiCd: The battery size ranges from little to big and are flooded cell batteries. They come in firm packs which are elevated. They are mostly used for emergency electricity solutions, telephone operations, solar display, and railroad switching gear and are also used by the marine and aviation operations.
- Steel Case: These are hefty lead-acid flooded cell batteries. They come in separate cells within a steel pack. They are mostly found in forklifts and other industrially used machines.
Though they are large as well, they are not as large as the industrial batteries. They are usually found in cars, boats, motorcycles etc.
- Hybrid Automotive: Smaller than industrial sized batteries, these are still rather hefty. They usually comprise of various little cells combined in a bigger bunch. They are mostly used in hybrid and electric cars.
- Lead Acid: The size of these batteries varies from average to big. These flooded cell batteries are found in solid packs which are mostly rectangular in shape and have many cells inside them. They are mostly used for cars, motorbikes, and boats.
- VRLA: These are standard to big batteries which require no maintenance. They are found in a tough pack which is rectangular and have many cells inside them. They are mostly used in cars, motorbikes, boats, wheelchairs and disaster lights.